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State/country profiles

CHL Region

 

Below are some general statistics that help to describe the places where the CHL Program is underway.


ALASKA

Population
Total: 710,231 (July 2011 est.)
Age Structure: 0-14 years: 22%, 15-64 years: 70.4%, 65 years and over: 7.6%
Population by gender: 0.81 (female/male)
Urban population: 66.1% of total population (2005)
Total fertility rate: 1.71 (2011)
Diabetes rate: 12.9% (2010)
Ethnicity: Caucasian (66.7%), Alaska Native/Native American, (15.6%), Asian (5.4%), Africa American (3.3%)
Languages: English (85%), Spanish (3.5%), Indo- European (2.2%), Asian language (4.0%) and other languages at home (5%) (2007)
Literacy: 87%

Economy
GDP per capita: $ 43,748 (2006)
Unemployment rate: 6.8% (2005)
Labor force by occupation: mining (29.6%), services (42%)
Poverty: 9.6% (2005-09)
WIC mo. Benefit: $47.85
Agricultural product: wood product, feed grain, hay, milk, vegetables, potatoes, livestock, fish
Industries: US military, tourism, petroleum refining, lumber processing, food products
Exports: $4,155 million (2010 est.); refined petroleum products, lead ores and concentrates, fish product
Imports: $1,476million (2010); food, petroleum products, food, manufactured goods

Transportation
Airport, Roadways, Marine transport, Railway

Geography
Land: 1,481,353 sq km
Natural Resource: silver, molybdenum, gold, copper, gravel
Land use: arable land (10%), permanent crops (1%), other (89%) (2005)
Climate: Monthly average temperatures range from a high of 71.8 degrees to a low of -21.6 degrees.
Environmental-current issue: extirpation of native bird population by the rapid proliferation of the brown tree snake, an exotic, invasive species


AMERICAN SAMOA

Population
Total: 67,242 (July 2011 est.)
Age Structure: 0-14 years: 31.9%; 15-64 years: 63.9%; 65 years and over: 4.2%
Urban population: 93% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization: 1.8% annual rate of change (2010-15)
Total fertility rate: 3.16
Diabetes Rate: 47.3% (2010)
Languages: Samoan (90.6%), English (2.9%), Tongan (2.4%), other Pacific islander (2.1%), other (2%)
Literacy: 97%

Economy
GDP per capita: $8,000 (2007)
Unemployment rate: 29.8% (2005)
Labor force by occupation (1990): agriculture (34%), industry (33%), services (33%)
WIC monthly Benefit: $64.56
Agricultural Product: bananas, coconuts, vegetables, taro, breadfruit, yams, copra, pineapples, papayas; dairy products, livestock
Industries: tuna canneries (largely supplied by foreign fishing vessels), handcrafts
Exports: $445.6 million (FY04 est.); Tuna (93%)
Imports: $308.8 million (FY04 est.); raw materials for canneries (56%), food, petroleum products, machinery and parts

Transportation
Airport (3), Roadway (241 km)

Geography
Land: 199 sq km
Natural Resource: pumice, pumicite
Land Use: arable land (10%), permanent crops (15%), other (75%) (2005)
Climate: Tropical marine, moderated by southeast trade winds; annual rainfall averages about 3 m; rainy season (November to April), dry season (May to October); little seasonal temperature variation
Environmental-current issue:  Limited natural freshwater resources; the water division of the government has spent substantial funds to improve water catchments and pipelines


COMMONWEALTH OF THE NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS

Population
Total: 46,050 (July 2011 est.)
Age Structure: 0-14 years: 26%, 15-64 years: 70.4%, 65 years and over: 3.6%
Urban population: 91% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization: 1.7% annual rate of change (2010-15)
Total fertility rate: 2.13 (2011)
Diabetes rate: 35% (2010)
Drink water source (improved): 98% population
Sanitation facility access (improved): 92% population
Languages: Philippine languages (24.4%), Chinese (23.4%), Chamorro (22.4%), English (10.8%), other Pacific island languages (9.5%), other (9.6%) (2000 census)
Literacy: 97%

Economy
GDP per capita: $ 12,500 (2000)
Unemployment rate: 8% (2005)
Poverty rate: 15.21% (2000)
WIC monthly Benefit: $59.58
Industries: banking, construction, fishing, garment, tourism, hand crafts
Agricultural Product: vegetables and melons, fruits and nuts; ornamental plants; livestock, poultry and eggs; fish and aquaculture products
Exports: $98.2 million (2008 est.); garments
Imports: $214.4 million (2001); food, construction equipment and materials, petroleum products

Transportation
Airport (5), Heliports (1), Roadways

Geography
Land: 464 sq km
Natural Resource: arable land, fish
Land Use: arable land (13.04%), permanent crops (4.35%), other (82.61%) (2005)
Climate:  tropical marine; moderated by northeast trade winds, little seasonal temperature variation; dry season December to June, rainy season July to October
Environmental-current issue: contamination of groundwater; clean-up of landfill; protection of endangered species conflicts with development


FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA

Population

Total: 106,836 (July 2011 est.)
Age Structure: 0-14 years: 33.6%, 15-64 years: 63.4%, 65 years and over: 3%
Urban population: 23% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization: 1.3% annual rate of change (2010-15)
Total fertility rate: 2.74 (2011)
Diabetes rate: 32% (2010)
Drink water source (improved): 92% population
Sanitation facility access (improved): 26% population
Languages: English, Chuukese, Kosrean, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi
Literacy: 89%

Economy
GDP per capita: $ 2,200 (2008)
Labor force by occupation: agriculture (0.9%), industry (34.4%), services (64.7%) Unemployment rate: 22% (2000)
Poverty: 26.7% (2000)
Agricultural Product: black pepper, tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, bananas, cassava (tapioca), sakau (kava), Kosraen citrus, betel nuts, sweet potatoes; pigs, chickens; fish
Industries: tourism, construction, fish processing, specialized aquaculture; hand crafts Exports: $14 million (2004 est.); fish, garments, banana, black pepper, betel nut
Imports: $132.7 million (2004 est.); foods, manufactured goods, machinery & equipment, beverages

Transportation
Airport (6), Roadway (240 km)

Geography
Land: 702 sq km
Natural Resource: timber, marine products, deep-seabed minerals, phosphate
Land Use: arable land (5.71%), permanent crops (45.71%), other (48.8%) (2005)
Climate: tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt
Environmental-current issue:  Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection

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GUAM

Population
Total: 183,286 (July 2011 est.)
Age Structure: 0-14 years: 27%, 15-64 years: 65.5%, 65 years and over: 7.5%
Urbanization: Urban population: 93% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization: 1.2% annual rate of change (2010-15)
Total fertility rate: 2.48 (2011)
Diabetes rate: 9.2% (2010)
Drink water source (improved): 99% population
Sanitation facility access (improved): 99% population
Languages: English (38.3%), Chamorro (22.2%), Philippine languages (22.2%), other Pacific island languages (6.8%), Asian languages (7%), other languages (3.5%) (2000 census)
Literacy: 99%

Economy
GDP per capita: $ 15,000 (2005)
Labor force by occupation: agriculture (26%), industry (10%), services (64%)
Unemployment rate: 11.4% (2002)
Poverty: 23% (2001)
WIC monthly Benefit: $63.89
Agricultural Product: fruits, copra, vegetables; eggs, pork, poultry, beef
Industries: US military, tourism, transshipment services, concrete products, printing and publishing, food processing, textiles
Exports: $45 million (2004 est.); transshipments, construction materials, fish, food and beverage products
Imports: $701 million (2004); food, petroleum and petroleum products, manufactured goods

Transportation
Airport (5), Roadways (1045km), Apra Harbor, Heliports (1)

Geography
Land: 544 sq km
Natural Resource: aquatic wildlife, fishing
Land Use: arable land (3.64%), permanent crops (18.18%), other (78.18%) (2005)
Climate: tropical marine; generally warm and humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season (January to June), rainy season (July to December); little seasonal temperature variation
Environmental-current issue: extirpation of native bird population by the rapid proliferation of the brown tree snake, an exotic, invasive species


HAWAII

Population
Total: 1,360,300 (2010)
Age Structure: 0-14years: 18.7%; 15-64 years: 67.2%; 65 years and over: 14.1%
Population by gender: 1.08 (female /male)
Lifespan: 79.8 yrs. (2000)
Urban population: 70% of total population (2010)
Diabetes rate: 20.6% (Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander, 2007)
Ethnicity: Asian (38.5%), Caucasian (26.9%), Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islands (8.8%), American African (2.4%) (ACS, 2010)
Total fertility rate: 2.23 (2006)
Languages: English 75.6%, Philippine languages, Chinese, Chamorro, Spanish, other Pacific Island languages
Literacy:  84%

Economy
GDP per capita: $ 42,317 (2009)
Median household income: $ 64,661 (2009)
Labor force: 66.5% of population
Labor force by industry: public sector (21%), accommodation & food service (15%), retail trade (11%)
Unemployment rate: 6.6% (2010)
Poverty: 9.4 % (2005-2009)
WIC monthly Benefit: $50.07
Agricultural Product: vegetables and melons, fruits and nuts; coffee, fish and aquaculture products
Industries: military, services, banking, fishing, garment, tourism, hand crafts
Exports: $684 million (2010); trans. equipment (40%), petroleum/coal product (12.8%), processed foods (5%)
Imports: $474.3 million (2010); oil & gas (67%), food manufacturing (1.8%), others (16.1%)

Transportation
Airport, Roadways, Harbor

Geography
Land: 16,637 sq km
Natural Resource: tropical plants, fish
Land Use: farmland (27.3%), land in house lots, ponds, road, etc. (11.3%)
Climate:  For most of Hawaii, there are only two seasons: “summer,” between May and October, and “winter,” between October and April.
Environmental-current issues:  environmental sustainability, water security, social welfare.


REPUBLIC OF THE MARSHALL ISLANDS

Population
Total: 67,182 (July 2011 est.)
Age Structure: 0-14 years: 38.2%, 15-64 years: 58.8%, 65 years and over: 3%
Urban population: 72% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization: 2.3% annual rate of change (2010-15)
Total fertility rate: 3.44 (2011)
Diabetes rate: 28% (2010)
Drinking water source (improved): 80% population
Sanitation facility access (improved): 80% population
Languages: Marshallese (98.2%), other languages (1.8%) (1999 census)
Note: English, widely spoken as a second language.
Literacy: 93.7%

Economy
GDP per capita: $ 2,500 (2008)
Labor force by occupation: agriculture (21.4%), industry (20.9%), services (57.7%) (2000)
GDP-composition by sector: agriculture (31.7%), industry (14.9%), services (53.4%) (2004)
Unemployment rate: 36% (2006)
Poverty rate: 20% (1999)
Agricultural Product: coconuts, tomatoes, melons, taro, breadfruit, fruits; pigs, chickens
Industries: copra, tuna processing, tourism, hand crafts (from seashells, wood, and pearls)
Exports: $19.4 million (2008 est.); copra cake, coconut oil, handicrafts, fish
Imports: $79.4 million (2008 est.); machinery and equipment, fuels, beverages and tobacco; foodstuffs

Transportation
Airport (15)

Geography
Land: 181 sq km
Natural Resource: coconut products, marine products, deep seabed minerals
Land Use: arable land (11.11%), permanent crops (44.44%), other (44.45%) (2005)
Climate: tropical; hot and humid weather; wet season May to November; islands border typhoon belt
Environmental-current issue: inadequate supplies of potable water; pollution of Majuro lagoon from household waste and discharges from fishing vessels


REPUBLIC OF PALAU

Population
Total 20,956 (July 2011 est.)
Age Structure: 0-14 years: 21.5%; 15-64 years: 72%, 65 years and over: 6.5%
Urban population: 83% of total population (2010)
Rate of urbanization: 1.4% annual rate of change (2010-15)
Total fertility rate: 1.73 (2011)
Diabetes rate: 38.9% (2010)
Drinking water source (improved): 83% population
Sanitation facility access (improved): 80% population
Languages : Palauan (Micronesian with Malayan and Melanesian admixtures) (69.9%), Filipino (15.3%), Chinese (4.9%), other Asian (2.4%), white (1.9%), Carolinian (1.4%), other Micronesian (1.1%), other or unspecified (3.2%) (2000 )
Literacy: 92%

Economy
GDP per capita: $ 8,100 (2008)
Labor force by occupation: agriculture: 20% (1990)
GDP-composition by sector: agriculture (6.2%), industry (12%), services (81.8%) (2003) Unemployment rate: 4.2% (2005)
Agricultural Product: coconuts, copra, cassava (tapioca), sweet potatoes; fish
Industries: tourism, construction, hand crafts (shell, wood, pearls), garment making
Exports: $5.88 million (2004 est.); shellfish, tuna, copra, garments
Imports: $107.3 million (2004 est.); machinery and equipment, fuels, metals; foodstuffs

Transportation
Airport (6)

Geography
Land: 459 sq km
Natural Resource: forests, minerals (especially gold), marine products, deep-seabed minerals
Land Use: arable land (8.7%), permanent crops (4.35%), other (86.95%) (2005)
Climate: tropical; hot and humid; wet season May to November
Environmental-current issue:  inadequate facilities for disposal of solid waste; threats to the marine ecosystem from sand and coral dredging, illegal fishing practices, and overfishing


Data sources: Central Intelligence Agency Fact Book 2010-11, American Community Survey (ACS) 2010, U.S. Censuses, Hawaii.gov, Alaska.gov